【每日一练】2017考研英语模拟试题及答案解析(11.8)

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  为了帮助考生备考2017年在职考研,新阳光教育考研网特意推出了2017在职考研模拟试题每日一练,供大家备考练习,如下。

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题:

  Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.  (10 points)

  The Treasury could pocket 20 million a year in extra fines once the country's speed camera network is expanded.Motoring organizations warned that the_1_ could become a poll tax on wheels,_2_ huge number of drivers. There could be many more incidents of vandalism _3_ cameras. The warnings came _4_ a Daily Mail survey found almost all the 23 police forces in England and Wales were either _5_ to expansion plans or considering _6_ .

  Nationwide, the number of speeding tickets is expected to treble, _7_ 90 million a year. _8_ the scheme, police keep some of the cash from fines to _9_ the costs of fitting and maintaining extra cameras and _10_ that existing ones always have film in them. The rest will go to the Treasury. Both Ministers and police insist the scheme is aimed _11_ at making roads safer. They point to trials in eight areas which cut collisions by a quarter and deaths and serious injuries by _12_ a half.

  But motoring organizations fear cameras will be sited on relatively safe _13_ fast stretches to catch as many drivers as possible. Some forces are also expected to _14_ the "threshold" speeds at which cameras are _15_ to the absolute legal minimum—15 mph in a 10 mph limit, and 26 mph in a 20 mph zone. This could encourage drivers to stare at their speedometers instead of concentrating on the road, and _16_ to more accidents. Sue Nicholson, head of campaigns at the RAC, said, "We don't have a problem with speed cameras _17_ . But we do have concerns about _18_ they are sited. Police risk losing credibility _19_ motorists if cameras are seen as revenue raising _20_ safety devices."

  1.[A]promotions [B]punishments  [C]penalties  [D]payments

  2.[A]isolating  [B]separating  [C]alienating  [D]detaching

  3.[A]towards  [B]against  [C]before  [D]over

  4.[A]so  [B]once  [C]as  [D]where

  5.[A]subjected [B]engaged  [C]intended  [D]committed

  6.[A]taking part [B]keeping silence  [C]making exception  [D]paying respect

  7.[A]financing [B]profiting  [C]funding  [D]netting

  8.[A]From  [B]Under  [C]On  [D]With

  9.[A]hide  [B]cover  [C]conceal  [D]veil

  10.[A]pledging [B]assuring  [C]confirming  [D]ensuring

  11.[A]essentially [B]strongly  [C]wholeheartedly  [D]purely

  12.[A]in all  [B]fewer than  [C]at most  [D]up to

  13.[A]but  [B]whereas  [C]though  [D]while

  14.[A]fit  [B]put  [C]set  [D]fix

  15.[A]levered  [B]geared  [C]handled  [D]triggered

  16.[A]lead  [B]add  [C]contribute  [D]resort

  17.[A]any less  [B]by itself  [C]after all  [D]as such

  18.[A]who  [B]when  [C]where  [D]which

  19.[A]in  [B]with  [C]against  [D]for

  20.[A]in spite of [B]far from  [C]rather than [D]by means of

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题参考答案与解析:

  1.【解析】[C] 语义衔接题。文章首句的大意是:一旦扩大车速监控摄像体系,财政部每年就能增加 2000 万收入,这笔收入就是超速驾车者交纳的罚金(fines)。第二句紧接着提到:机动车组织警告说这种?? 可能变成对汽车征收的人头税。很明显,空格处填入的名词和上下文的 fines 和 poll tax 呼应,应表示"罚金、罚款"的含义。promotion 意为"促进,发扬,提升";应首先排除。punishment 泛指各种处罚或惩罚,诸如法律、父母、老师以及神的惩罚等。penalty 有一个主要义项表示"因违反法律、规则或合同而施加的惩罚(监禁、罚款等)"。payment 作可数名词时意为"款项,款额"。因此 penalty 最符合文意。

  2.【解析】[C] 语义衔接题。由于四个选项都是现在分词形式,因此可知第二句的后半句是一个状语结构,进一步揭示"罚款成为对汽车征收的人头税"(that the penalties could become a poll tax onwheels)给"众多驾车人员"(huge number of drivers)造成的影响。isolate sb./sth. (from sb./sth.)意为"使??与他人/他物完全隔离,孤立??";separate sth. / sb. from?表示"把某物/某人从??当中分离出来";alienate 意为"使??疏远??,使??变得冷淡(不再爱或信任)";detach sth. fromsth.,"将某物拆下,分开某物"。只有 alienate 符合上下文,表示"(罚款的增多)使驾驶员不满从而疏远"。

  3.【解析】[B] 结构衔接题。towards 意为"关于,对于;以??为目标或目的,用于";against意为"逆着,反对,与??对抗";before 意为"在??以前";over 意为"在??上方;由于,关于"。由于原文中"故意破坏行为(vandalism)"是对摄像机的不满和抗议,因此 against 最贴切,表示的含义是:可能出现澳门金沙官网娱乐故意破坏摄像机的事件。

  4.【解析】[C] 逻辑衔接题。第一段末句是个复合句,The warnings came 是主句,后面 a DailyMail survey found?是从句,填入的连词要能保证主从句之间逻辑关系成立。我们可以用筛选法选出正确答案。如选 so,那么主从句之间就成了因果关系。once"一旦??",引导条件状语从句,并且它引导的是充分条件,显然文中表达的含义不可能是"一旦《每日邮报》的调查发现??,这些警告就出现了"。把as 填入空格,从句就成了一个时间状语从句:"当《每日邮报》的调查发现??时,就出现了这些警告"。表示两件事同时发生,这样的"主从"逻辑关系能够成立。where 引导地点状语从句,而这里的从句不表示地点,很容易排除 where。因此只能选择 as。

  5.【解析】[D] 惯用衔接题。空格部分填入的分词需要和 be 动词和介词 to 搭配,表示"英格兰和威尔士的 23 支警力??监控体系的扩张计划"。[B]和[C]项不和 to 搭配。be engaged in/on sth.表示"忙于,从事于"。be intended for/as sth.,表示"为??打算或设计的"。[A]项的搭配 be subjectedto sth.表示"遭受",与文意不符。[D]项 be committed to sth.表示"决心投身某项事业或做某件事情"。因此正确答案为[D]项,文中表示"致力于部署监控体系的扩张计划"。

  6.【解析】[A] 语义衔接题。空格所在句子的含义是:英格兰和威尔士的 23 支警力都有所行动,不是致力于实现部署监控体系的扩张计划就是在考虑??。英语的介词结构 either?or?属于平行结构,也就是说前后两项的语义是相近的。因此我们要选择四个选项中和 committed to expansion plans 最接近、最相关的那一项。take par

 
 
 
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